Impact of different levels of geographical disaggregation of wind and PV electricity generation in large energy system models: A case study for Austria

Sofia Simoes, Marianne Zeyringer, Dieter Mayr, Thomas Huld, Wouter Nijs, Johannes Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper assesses how different levels of geographical disaggregation of wind and photovoltaic energy resources could affect the outcomes of an energy system model by 2020 and 2050. Energy system models used for policy making typically have high technology detail but little spatial detail. However, the generation potential and integration costs of variable renewable energy sources and their time profile of production depend on geographic characteristics and infrastructure in place. For a case study for Austria we generate spatially highly resolved synthetic time series for potential production locations of wind power and PV. There are regional differences in the costs for wind turbines but not for PV. However, they are smaller than the cost reductions induced by technological learning from one modelled decade to the other. The wind availability shows significant regional differences where mainly the differences for summer days and winter nights are important. The solar availability for PV installations is more homogenous. We introduce these wind and PV data into the energy system model JRC-EU-TIMES with different levels of regional disaggregation. Results show that up to the point that the maximum potential is reached disaggregating wind regions significantly affects results causing lower electricity generation from wind and PV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-198
Number of pages16
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume105
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017

Keywords

  • Optimization energy system model
  • Photovoltaic energy
  • Spatially-explicit
  • Wind energy

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