Impact of cultivation of Mastocarpus stellatus in IMTA on the seaweeds chemistry and hybrid carrageenan properties

Gabriela Azevedo, Bernardo Domingues, Helena Abreu, Isabel Sousa-Pinto, António Gabriel Malagueta Feio, Loic Hilliou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The biomass yield potential of Mastocarpus stellatus, a commercially attractive carrageenophyte for foods and pharmaceutics, was investigated by cultivating the seaweeds in the nutrient-rich outflow of a commercial fish farm. Results from two consecutive 4 weeks experiments indicate that the cultivation of this seaweed produces a mean biomass of 21 to 40.6 g DW m-2 day-1 depending on the time of the experiment. DRIFT and CP-MAS NMR analyses of seaweeds indicate that cultivation during May affected quantitatively the seaweeds chemistry, and thus the chemical and gelling properties of native extracts of kappa/iota-hybrid carrageenan (KI). Overall, algal growth leads to the production of more sulphated KI, the percentage increase varying between 27% and 44% for the two experiments. However, alkali treatment of seaweeds before extraction reduces the variations in gelling properties of KI induced by the algal growth. This study demonstrates the capacity of growing M. stellatus in an integrated multi-trophic aquaculture system for the sustainable production of high value polysaccharides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-148
Number of pages9
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2015
Event3rd EPNOE International Polysaccharide Conference - Nice, France
Duration: 21 Oct 201324 Oct 2013
Conference number: 3rd

Keywords

  • Hybrid carrageenan
  • Hydrogel
  • IMTA
  • Mastocarpus stellatus
  • Productivity

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