Coalho cheese is a traditional dairy product from the northeast of Brazil, which is currently commercialized in other regions of the country and even abroad. The pasteurization process eliminates most of the lactic acid bacteria (LAB), which are responsible for the specific characteristics of the cheese such as taste or aroma. This work aimed to identify the LAB present in different artisanal Coalho cheeses produced in the ‘Sertão’ region of the State of Paraíba, northeast of Brazil. The LAB populations showed some diversity comprehending species of the genus Lactococcus, Enterococcus, Streptococcus, Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc and Weissella. Different prevailing LAB species were found in different micro-regions of the Sertão region of the State of Paraíba, indicating that local environmental conditions, animal genetics and cheese production characteristics may influence the milk and the cheese microbial populations.
- Coalho cheese
- lactic acid bacteria