Hyperpigmented epiretinal membrane in macular telangiectasia type 2: imaging characteristics and correlation with transretinal pigment migration

Diogo Cabral, Prithvi Ramtohul, Talia R Kaden, Sandra Tenreiro, Miguel C Seabra, K Bailey Freund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To explore the features of black hyperpigmentation in macular telangiectasia (MacTel) type 2 and correlate these findings with the characteristics of hyperpigmented epiretinal membranes (ERMs) using multimodal imaging.

METHODS: A case series of three patients with MacTel type 2 and hyperpigmented ERMs imaged with colour fundus photography, fluorescein angiography (FA), spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) and swept-source OCT angiography. Registration of different types of imaging was done using ImageJ v1.53f51 (National Institutes of Health, USA).

RESULTS: Three female patients with late-stage MacTel type 2 presented with unilateral hyperpigmented ERMs in the absence of peripheral retinal breaks. In one patient, an extensive ERM occurred along with a full-thickness macular hole (FTMH); in 2 patients, smaller ERMs were seen adjacent to superficial retinal veins. Serial imaging demonstrated that transretinal pigment migration preceded epiretinal proliferation of the hyperpigmented ERM towards superficial retinal veins.

CONCLUSION: Hyperpigmented ERMs may occur in the late phases of MacTel type 2 following a FTMH or transretinal migration of pigmented cells to the retinal surface. Once on the retinal surface, black pigment cells seem to proliferate centripetally toward superficial retinal veins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1856 - 1860
JournalEye
Volume37
Issue number9
Early online date22 Sept 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

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