Hybrid governance of state-owned enterprises

Ilya Okhmatovskiy, Anna Grosman, Pei Sun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The governance of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) is hybrid in nature as it combines mechanisms of public administration, informal political interference, and standard corporate governance. While researchers often consider social enterprises as hybrid organizations and offer a favorable evaluation of these hybrid characteristics, the similar characteristics in SOEs are oftentimes viewed as their vulnerability. Prior discussions about SOE governance tend to focus on standard corporate governance mechanisms and treat the distinct SOE governance practices as “deviations” from these standard governance mechanisms. By considering SOE governance as hybrid, we bring attention to the existence of alternative governance mechanisms that the state can rely on, such as governance through performance contracts, intermediate ownership structures, and informal influence by politicians. We examine governance hybridity from a variety of theoretical perspectives used in prior research on SOE governance. We also discuss how hybrid governance arrangements in SOEs vary within and across countries. We conclude the chapter with directions for future research on the hybrid governance of SOEs.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of State Capitalism and the Firm
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9780191874062
ISBN (Print)9780198837367
Publication statusPublished - 19 Dec 2022


  • state-owned enterprises
  • hybridity
  • hybrid organizations
  • corporate governance
  • alternative governance mechanisms


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