Hybrid Deep Modeling of a GS115 (Mut+) Pichia pastoris Culture with State–Space Reduction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)


Hybrid modeling workflows combining machine learning with mechanistic process descriptions are becoming essential tools for bioprocess digitalization. In this study, a hybrid deep modeling method with state–space reduction was developed and showcased with a P. pastoris GS115 Mut+ strain expressing a single-chain antibody fragment (scFv). Deep feedforward neural networks (FFNN) with varying depths were connected in series with bioreactor macroscopic material balance equations. The hybrid model structure was trained with a deep learning technique based on the adaptive moment estimation method (ADAM), semidirect sensitivity equations and stochastic regularization. A state–space reduction method was investigated based on a principal component analysis (PCA) of the cumulative reacted amount. Data of nine fed-batch P. pastoris 50 L cultivations served to validate the method. Hybrid deep models were developed describing process dynamics as a function of critical process parameters (CPPs). The state–space reduction method succeeded to decrease the hybrid model complexity by 60% and to improve the predictive power by 18.5% in relation to the nonreduced version. An exploratory design space analysis showed that the optimization of the feed of methanol and of inorganic elements has the potential to increase the scFv endpoint titer by 30% and 80%, respectively, in relation to the reference condition.
Original languageEnglish
Article number643
Number of pages19
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jul 2023


  • hybrid modeling
  • deep learning
  • ADAM method
  • Pichia pastoris GS115 Mut+
  • single-chain antibody fragment (scFv)
  • bioprocess digitalization


Dive into the research topics of 'Hybrid Deep Modeling of a GS115 (Mut+) Pichia pastoris Culture with State–Space Reduction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this