Human seroprevalence of Toscana virus and Sicilian phlebovirus in the southwest of Portugal

Carla Maia, Nazli Ayhan, José Manuel Cristóvão, André Pereira, Remi Charrel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Toscana virus (TOSV) is emergent in the Mediterranean region and responsible for outbreaks of encephalitis or meningoencephalitis. Sicilian phlebovirus (SFSV) cause epidemics of febrile illness during the summer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of antibodies against TOSV and SFSV in humans in the southwest of Portugal. Neutralizing antibodies to TOSV and SFSV were respectively detected in 5.3% and 4.3% out of 400 human sera tested highlighting the need to increase public health awareness regarding phleboviruses and to include them in the differential diagnosis in patients presenting with fever of short duration and neurological manifestations.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Microneutralization
  • Portugal
  • Seroprevalence
  • Sicilian phlebovirus
  • Toscana virus

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