Human polyomaviruses (HPyV) in wastewater and environmental samples from the Lisbon Metropolitan Area: Detection and genetic characterization of viral structural protein-coding sequences

Ana Carolina Condez, Mónica Nunes, Andreia Filipa-Silva, Inês Leonardo, Ricardo Parreira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Due to the lack of reliable epidemiological information regarding the geographic distribution and genetic diversity of human polyomaviruses (HPyV) in Portugal, we addressed these issues in this initial study by focusing on the Lisbon Metropolitan area, the most populated and culturally diverse hub in the country. The HPyV structural protein-coding sequence was partially amplified using two touch-down PCR multiplex protocols, starting from water samples, collected between 2018 and 2020, where viral genomes were detected.. The obtained results disclosed the frequent detection of HPyV1, HPyV2, HPyV5, and HPyV6 in 35.3% (n = 6), 29.4% (n = 5), 47.1% (n = 8) and 29.4% (n = 5), respectively, of the water samples analyzed. The sequences assigned to a given viral species did not segregate to a single genotype, this being especially true for HPyV2 for which five genotypes (including a putative new genotype 9) could be identified. The phylogenetic trees obtained for HPyV5 and HPyV6 had less resolving power than those obtained for HPyV1/HPyV2, but both viruses were shown to be genetically diverse. This analysis emphasizes the epidemiological helpfulness of these detection/genetic characterization studies in addition to being relevant tools for assessment of human waste contamination.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1309
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalPathogens
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Environmental water
  • Human polyomavirus
  • Multiplex-PCR
  • Phylogenetic analysis
  • Portugal
  • Wastewater

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