Histopathological indices in sole (Solea solea) and hake (Merluccius merluccius) for implementation of the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive along the Basque continental shelf (SE Bay of Biscay)

Nagore Cuevas, Izaskun Zorita, P.M. Costa, Iñaki Quincoces, Joana Larreta, Javier Franco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sole and hake, together with sediments, were collected during two campaigns along the Basque continental shelf to study the utility of two existing histopathological indices for assessing the biological effects of contaminants to implement the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive. Hepatic and gonadal histopathology were measured, and metal and/or organic contaminants were determined in both liver and sediments. Sediments from the Basque continental shelf were found to be moderately impacted by metals but non-impacted by organic compounds. Metal bioaccumulation and histopathological lesions in liver were higher in sole than in hake, although non-specific and early non-neoplastic toxicopathic lesions were observed in both species. No gross alterations were recorded in gonad. The two histopathological indices applied were highly correlated in both organs but the lack of correlation between sediment contamination levels, bioaccumulation and histopathological indices suggests that other factors, rather than pollution alone, are responsible for the biological effects observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-198
Number of pages14
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume94
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2015

Keywords

  • Basque continental shelf
  • Contaminants
  • Histopathology
  • Merluccius merluccius
  • Solea solea

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