Highly Photoluminescent Sulfide Clusters Confined in Zeolites

A. Ruivo, E. Coutino-Gonzalez, M. M. Santos, W. Baekelant, E. Fron, M. B. J. Roeffaers, F. Pina, J. Hofkens, C. A. T. Laia

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The design, synthesis and photoluminescence characterization of sulfide cluster-based zeolitic materials with the general formula Na8[SiAlO4]6SxCl2-2x is presented in this report. The employed experimental conditions, which included the thermal treatment of sodium Linde type A (Na-LTA) zeolites in the presence of Na2SO4 and NaCl, yielded highly photoluminescent sulfur-zeolites with remarkably large Stokes shifts. An emission band at 650 nm for samples with low sulfur contents is observed when excited at 380 nm, which is fully consistent with S2 - clusters as light-emitting centers. These orange emitting materials display external quantum efficiencies (EQEs) reaching 53% with peculiar high temperature photoluminescence stability up to 450 °C. For higher S/Cl molar ratios, a gradual conversion to near-infrared (NIR) light-emitting centers is observed with a maximum at 780 nm. This novel NIR luminescent species with EQEs of about 10% are attributed to polysulfide clusters (tentatively S4 2- species). Given the high EQE values, large Stokes shifts, and thermal stability, the materials presented in this report can find applications in light down-conversion systems or as phosphors in lighting devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14761-14770
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume122
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jul 2018

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