In this paper we present a study of boron-doped nc-Si:H films prepared by PECVD at high deposition pressure (≥4 mbar), high plasma power and low substrate temperature (≤200 °C) using trimethylboron (TMB) as a dopant gas. The influence of deposition parameters on electrical, structural and optical properties is investigated. We determine the deposition conditions that lead to the formation of p-type nanocrystalline silicon thin films with very high crystallinity, high value of dark conductivity (>7 (Ω cm)-1) and high optical band gap (≥1.7 eV). Modeling of ellipsometry spectra reveals that the film growth mechanism should proceed through a sub-surface layer mechanism that leads to silicon crystallization. The obtained films are very good candidates for application in amorphous and nanocrystalline silicon solar cells as a p-type window layer.
- Structural properties