High-throughput analysis of animal cell cultures using two-dimensional fluorometry

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a new method which combines fluorescence spectroscopy at microtiter plate scale with multivariate statistical analysis for rapid and high-throughput analysis of secreted recombinant protein and viable cell growth in animal cell cultures. The potential of the method is demonstrated by application to cultures of three Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell clones with distinct IgG4 antibody yields. Supernatant samples collected throughout culture time were analysed by two-dimensional fluorometry; significant changes were observed in the regions of tryptophan, metabolic cofactors and vitamins. Partial least squares regression was then used to correlate the entire fluorescence map with measured concentrations of antibody and viable cells. For both target variables, a model was calibrated with representative data from the two less productive clones and validated with data from the best producer clone; this allowed viable cell density to be predicted for the validation clone with an average error of 10%; even better, the secreted antibody could be predicted with an average error of 7%, proving the predictive capacity of the model beyond the calibration region. All the main spectral regions were required to establish the best correlations for both targeted variables. In conclusion, this method effectively analyzes cellular productivity in 96-well plate format, shortening the time spent in early phases of bioprocess development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-260
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biotechnology
Volume151
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2011

Keywords

  • 2D fluorometry
  • Cellular productivity
  • Chemometric methods
  • High-throughput analysis

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