High strain rate compressive behaviour of wood on the transverse plane

Filipe Gomes, J. Xavier, H. Koerber

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

The high strain rate compressive behaviour of Pinus pinaster Ait. wood along the radial and tangential material axes was addressed in this work. Both quasi-static and dynamic tests were considered for comparation purposes. The quasi-static compression tests were performed on rectangular prismatic specimens along the radial and tangential directions coupled with digital image correlation. The high strain rate tests were carried out using a classical split-Hopkinson pressure bar coupled with a high-speed imaging system allowing independent kinematic measurements through digital image correlation. From these tests and material symmetry orientations, the constitutive curves were determined from which the Young modulus, Poisson's ratio and yield stress were evaluated and compared over the two different regimes over the strain rate spectrum. The mechanical properties observed for this species under quasi-static compression loading agree with reference values. A qualitative comparison between quasi-static and high strain rate regimes reveals a significant increase of some mechanical properties by increasing the strain rate. Quantitatively, by comparing mean values at the two strain rates, it was found that, in the radial direction, the modulus of elasticity increased by 6.3%, the yield stress showed an increase of 130.3% and the Poisson's ratio is slightly higher by 3.0%. Furthermore, in the tangential direction, it was found that the modulus of elasticity increased by 21.9% while the value of the yield stress showed an increase of 111.8%, and finally the Poisson's ratio presented a reduction of 24.3%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)900-905
Number of pages6
JournalProcedia Structural Integrity
Volume17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
Event3rd International Conference on Structural Integrity, ICSI 2019 - Funchal, Madeira, Portugal
Duration: 2 Sep 20195 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • High strain rate
  • Wood

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