Autores “hereges e atrevidos”: impactos da atividade da Real Mesa Censória em bibliotecas religiosas

Translated title of the contribution: “Heretic and impudent” authors: effects of the Royal Censorship Office’s activities on religious libraries

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Abstract

A criação da Real Mesa Censória (RMC) por Alvará de 5 de abril de 1768, representa no contexto das políticas pombalinas um passo decisivo no sentido do controlo das obras que se publicavam em Portugal, que já existiam em bibliotecas ou que circulavam, vindas do estrangeiro. A censura existira até então, entregue ao Tribunal do Santo Ofício, ao Desembargo do Paço e ao Ordinário. A mudança transfere para a esfera do Estado a responsabilidade de fiscalizar o que se devia (ou não) ler. O caso das bibliotecas de instituições religiosas regulares é singular pois, por um lado, tinham licença para possuir livros proibidos, mas, por outro lado, deviam cumprir as decisões da RMC. Propomos apresentar neste estudo diversas estratégias que as bibliotecas religiosas desenvolveram face aos livros proibidos e suprimidos pela RMC, não deixando de possuir nos seus
fundos, obras de “autores hereges e atrevidos”.

The Royal Censorship Office was created by a Decree of April 5th 1768. In the context of the political programme of the prime minister Pombal, a decisive step towards controlling books published in Portugal, those already existing in libraries or imported from abroad. Censorship had been so far assigned to religious and civil authorities, including the Inquisition. This change represents the assumption of a full governmental responsibility in matters concerning book’s censorship. Libraries of religious institutions had a peculiar statute: they did had licenses to own forbidden books but on the other hand they had to comply with the rules dictated by the Royal Censorship Office. In this study we propose to present some strategies followed by religious libraries in which we see acceptance of the new legislation pertaining to forbidden and suppressed books whereas we detect at the same time, the maintenance of some “heretic and impudent” authors.
Translated title of the contribution“Heretic and impudent” authors: effects of the Royal Censorship Office’s activities on religious libraries
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)87-110
Number of pages24
JournalMátria Digital - Revista do Centro de Investigação Prof. Doutor Joaquim Veríssimo Serrão
Volume8
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Real Mesa Censória
  • Bibliotecas religiosas
  • Século XVIII
  • Livros proibidos
  • Livros suprimidos
  • Royal Censorship Office
  • Religious libraries
  • Eighteenth century
  • Forbidden book
  • Suppressed books

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