Hepatic parasympathetic role in insulin resistance on an animal model of hypertension

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Abstract

The hepatic insulin sensitizing substance (HISS) pathway, which includes the hepatic parasympathetic nerves and hepatic nitric oxide (HNO), has been shown to be crucial to the action of insulin on glucose metabolism. Insulin resistance in essential hypertension has been related to parasympathetic dysfunction; thus, we tested the hypothesis that the HISS pathway is impaired in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) when compared with their normotensive controls, Wistar (WIS) and Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. A modified euglycemic clamp quantified insulin sensitivity. Differentiation of the HISS-dependent and HISS-independent components of insulin action was achieved by administration of a muscarinic receptor antagonist (atropine, 3 mg/kg) or of a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (NI-methyl-arginine, 0.73 mg/kg). Both SHR and WKY had lower postprandial total insulin action when compared with WIS (209.1 +/- 13.6 for WKY and 217.8 +/- 19.8 for SHR vs 296.1 +/- 16.9 mg glucose/kg body weight for WIS, P < .05). Furthermore, we observed that this is due to a decrease of the HISS-dependent component of insulin action (154.8 +/- 16.4 for WIS vs 87.1 +/- 14.5 for WKY and 55.9 +/- 15.6 mg glucose/kg body weight for SHR, P < .05 and P < .001, respectively; data concerning the atropine protocol). Blockade of HISS action by inhibition of hepatic nitric oxide synthase with N(g)-methyl-arginine showed similar results to those obtained with atropine, suggesting that they indeed act through the same pathway. In conclusion, our results support our hypothesis that impairment of the HISS pathway is responsible for the development of insulin resistance between WIS and SHR.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-233
Number of pages7
JournalMetabolism-Clinical And Experimental
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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Insulin Resistance
Animal Models
Insulin
Hypertension
Liver
Inbred SHR Rats
Atropine
Glucose
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Arginine
Body Weight
Muscarinic Antagonists
Glucose Clamp Technique
Inbred WKY Rats
Muscarinic Receptors
Nitric Oxide

Cite this

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title = "Hepatic parasympathetic role in insulin resistance on an animal model of hypertension",
abstract = "The hepatic insulin sensitizing substance (HISS) pathway, which includes the hepatic parasympathetic nerves and hepatic nitric oxide (HNO), has been shown to be crucial to the action of insulin on glucose metabolism. Insulin resistance in essential hypertension has been related to parasympathetic dysfunction; thus, we tested the hypothesis that the HISS pathway is impaired in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) when compared with their normotensive controls, Wistar (WIS) and Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. A modified euglycemic clamp quantified insulin sensitivity. Differentiation of the HISS-dependent and HISS-independent components of insulin action was achieved by administration of a muscarinic receptor antagonist (atropine, 3 mg/kg) or of a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (NI-methyl-arginine, 0.73 mg/kg). Both SHR and WKY had lower postprandial total insulin action when compared with WIS (209.1 +/- 13.6 for WKY and 217.8 +/- 19.8 for SHR vs 296.1 +/- 16.9 mg glucose/kg body weight for WIS, P < .05). Furthermore, we observed that this is due to a decrease of the HISS-dependent component of insulin action (154.8 +/- 16.4 for WIS vs 87.1 +/- 14.5 for WKY and 55.9 +/- 15.6 mg glucose/kg body weight for SHR, P < .05 and P < .001, respectively; data concerning the atropine protocol). Blockade of HISS action by inhibition of hepatic nitric oxide synthase with N(g)-methyl-arginine showed similar results to those obtained with atropine, suggesting that they indeed act through the same pathway. In conclusion, our results support our hypothesis that impairment of the HISS pathway is responsible for the development of insulin resistance between WIS and SHR.",
keywords = "GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE, NITRIC-OXIDE, RATS, SECRETION, SENSITIVITY TEST RIST, METABOLISM, ACTIVATION, HYPERINSULINEMIA, ABNORMALITIES, PATHWAY",
author = "Ribeiro, {Rog{\'e}rio T} and Ricardo Afonso and Macedo, {Maria Paula}",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1016/j.metabol.2006.09.018",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "227--233",
journal = "Metabolism-Clinical And Experimental",
issn = "0026-0495",
publisher = "Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hepatic parasympathetic role in insulin resistance on an animal model of hypertension

AU - Ribeiro, Rogério T

AU - Afonso, Ricardo

AU - Macedo, Maria Paula

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - The hepatic insulin sensitizing substance (HISS) pathway, which includes the hepatic parasympathetic nerves and hepatic nitric oxide (HNO), has been shown to be crucial to the action of insulin on glucose metabolism. Insulin resistance in essential hypertension has been related to parasympathetic dysfunction; thus, we tested the hypothesis that the HISS pathway is impaired in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) when compared with their normotensive controls, Wistar (WIS) and Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. A modified euglycemic clamp quantified insulin sensitivity. Differentiation of the HISS-dependent and HISS-independent components of insulin action was achieved by administration of a muscarinic receptor antagonist (atropine, 3 mg/kg) or of a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (NI-methyl-arginine, 0.73 mg/kg). Both SHR and WKY had lower postprandial total insulin action when compared with WIS (209.1 +/- 13.6 for WKY and 217.8 +/- 19.8 for SHR vs 296.1 +/- 16.9 mg glucose/kg body weight for WIS, P < .05). Furthermore, we observed that this is due to a decrease of the HISS-dependent component of insulin action (154.8 +/- 16.4 for WIS vs 87.1 +/- 14.5 for WKY and 55.9 +/- 15.6 mg glucose/kg body weight for SHR, P < .05 and P < .001, respectively; data concerning the atropine protocol). Blockade of HISS action by inhibition of hepatic nitric oxide synthase with N(g)-methyl-arginine showed similar results to those obtained with atropine, suggesting that they indeed act through the same pathway. In conclusion, our results support our hypothesis that impairment of the HISS pathway is responsible for the development of insulin resistance between WIS and SHR.

AB - The hepatic insulin sensitizing substance (HISS) pathway, which includes the hepatic parasympathetic nerves and hepatic nitric oxide (HNO), has been shown to be crucial to the action of insulin on glucose metabolism. Insulin resistance in essential hypertension has been related to parasympathetic dysfunction; thus, we tested the hypothesis that the HISS pathway is impaired in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) when compared with their normotensive controls, Wistar (WIS) and Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. A modified euglycemic clamp quantified insulin sensitivity. Differentiation of the HISS-dependent and HISS-independent components of insulin action was achieved by administration of a muscarinic receptor antagonist (atropine, 3 mg/kg) or of a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (NI-methyl-arginine, 0.73 mg/kg). Both SHR and WKY had lower postprandial total insulin action when compared with WIS (209.1 +/- 13.6 for WKY and 217.8 +/- 19.8 for SHR vs 296.1 +/- 16.9 mg glucose/kg body weight for WIS, P < .05). Furthermore, we observed that this is due to a decrease of the HISS-dependent component of insulin action (154.8 +/- 16.4 for WIS vs 87.1 +/- 14.5 for WKY and 55.9 +/- 15.6 mg glucose/kg body weight for SHR, P < .05 and P < .001, respectively; data concerning the atropine protocol). Blockade of HISS action by inhibition of hepatic nitric oxide synthase with N(g)-methyl-arginine showed similar results to those obtained with atropine, suggesting that they indeed act through the same pathway. In conclusion, our results support our hypothesis that impairment of the HISS pathway is responsible for the development of insulin resistance between WIS and SHR.

KW - GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE

KW - NITRIC-OXIDE

KW - RATS

KW - SECRETION

KW - SENSITIVITY TEST RIST

KW - METABOLISM

KW - ACTIVATION

KW - HYPERINSULINEMIA

KW - ABNORMALITIES

KW - PATHWAY

U2 - 10.1016/j.metabol.2006.09.018

DO - 10.1016/j.metabol.2006.09.018

M3 - Article

VL - 56

SP - 227

EP - 233

JO - Metabolism-Clinical And Experimental

JF - Metabolism-Clinical And Experimental

SN - 0026-0495

IS - 2

ER -