Hemi-synthesis of novel (S)-carvone hydrazone from Carum carvi L. essential oils: Structural and crystal characterization, targeted bioassays and molecular docking on human protein kinase (CK2) and Epidermal Growth factor Kinase (EGFK)

Rima Tedjini, Borhane E. C. Ziani, Teresa Casimiro, Raquel Viveiros, Ricardo Costa Calhelha, Lillian Barros, Leila Boukenna, Abderrezak Hamdi, Redouane Chebout, Khaldoun Bachari, Oualid Talhi, Artur M. S. Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Polyfunctional N,O,O,N-type ligands such as the oxalyl dihydrazide (ODH) may induce formation of mono-, di-, and polynuclear complexes with natural monoterpene ketones, involving ligand bridging and Oxo-bridging. In this context, a novel chiral dihydrazone is designed through hemi-synthesis process by reacting oxalyldihydrazide (ODH) with (s)-carvone, the major compound of caraway's seeds essential oil. The C = N imine bi-condensation is performed without prior isolation of the natural (s)-carvone and the resulting (s)-carvone dihydrazone (s-CHD) is structurally characterized by Single-crystal X-ray diffraction, 2D-NMR spectroscopy and chiral LCMS analysis to confirm the formation of a single pure enantiomer. In-vitro cell-based assays were conducted on normal fibroblast (L929) using a presBlue (PB) fluorescence quantification method of cell-viability and by sulforhodamine B calorimetric cytotoxicity assays to determine the anti-proliferative effect on four human tumoral lines (NCI-H460, Hela, HepG2 and MCF-7) and normal PLP2. Anti-inflammatory assays were determined through NO production by Maurine LPS-stimulated macrophages (RAW 264.7). The (s)-CHD has no effect on normal cells viability (>88%) and PLP2 (GI50= 326 ug/mL), while a moderate (∼55%) to significant (∼63%) antigrowth potential was recorded against HepG2, Hela and MCF-7 tumor cell lines, where RAW 264.7 was feebly sensitive. A molecular docking was performed using Autodock vina software on the protein kinase CK2 and Epidermal Growth factor Kinase proteins EGFK and the dock scores allowed to identify significant binding affinities (lower ΔG and Ki values) and potential hydrophilic/hydrophobic interactions with (s)-CHD comparing to the clinical ellipticine as potential ligands. Molecular docking suggests that (s)-CHD possesses high affinity towards the kinase domain receptors CK2 and EGFR, being able to bind to the ATP region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131220
Number of pages13
JournalJournal Of Molecular Structure
Volume1246
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • (s)-carvone hydrazone
  • 2D NMR
  • Chiral HPLC
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Docking
  • Hemi-synthesis
  • Single-Crystal X-ray

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