Health services use and HIV prevalence among migrant and national female sex workers in Portugal: Are we providing the services needed?

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Abstract

This cross-sectional bio-behavioral survey conducted with 853 female sex workers (FSW) aimed to examine differences in use of HIV health services, testing and prevalence among migrant and national FSW. A quarter of undocumented FSW had never used National Health Service (NHS) and 15 % never tested for HIV, significantly more than nationals (p < 0.001 and p = 0.024, respectively). HIV infection was self-reported by 11.9 % of nationals, 1.8 % of documented and 0.8 % of undocumented migrants (p < 0.001). The HIV rapid test was reactive in 13.6 % of undocumented, 8.0 % of nationals and 2.3 % of documented. A higher proportion of migrants were unaware of their positive serostatus compared to nationals. Ever had HIV testing was less likely among undocumented, who never used the NHS and who didn't know where to go if suspected being HIV-infected. Promoting early diagnosis with linkage to care among migrant FSW should be supported, while developing health services better tailored to their needs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2316-2321
Number of pages5
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017

Keywords

  • HIV infection
  • HIV testing
  • Health services use
  • Migrants
  • Sex workers

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