Halogen Bonding in the Decoration of Secondary Coordination Sphere of Zinc(II) and Cadmium(II) Complexes: Catalytic Application in Cycloaddition Reaction of CO2 with Epoxides

Vusala A. Aliyeva, Ana B. Paninho, Ana V. M. Nunes, Anirban Karmakar, Atash V. Gurbanov, Arianna R. Rutigliano, Emma Gallo, Kamran T. Mahmudov, Armando J. L. Pombeiro

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Abstract

Three new zinc(II) complexes [Zn(H2L3)2(H2O)3] (Zn2), [Zn(H3L2a)(H2O)3]n (Zn3) (H3L2a = 2,4-diiodo-5-(2-(2,4,6-trioxotetrahydropyrimidin-5(2H)-ylidene)hydrazineyl)isophthalate) and [Zn(HL4)(DMF)(H2O)]n (Zn4) were synthesized by the reaction of Zn(II) salts with 5-(2-(2,4-dioxopentan-3-ylidene)hydrazineyl) isophthalic acid (H3L3), 2,4,6-triiodo-5-(2-(2,4,6-trioxotetrahydropyrimidin-5(2H)-ylidene)hydrazineyl) isophthalic acid (H5L2) (in the presence of NH2OH·HCl) and 5-(2-(2,4-dioxopentan-3-ylidene)hydrazineyl)-2,4,6-triiodoisophthalic acid (H3L4), respectively. According to the X-ray structural analysis, the intramolecular resonance-assisted hydrogen bond ring remains intact, with N···O distances of 2.562(5) and 2.573(5) Å in Zn2, 2.603(6) Å in Zn3, and 2.563(8) Å in Zn4. In the crystal packing of Zn3, the cooperation of I···O and I···I types of halogen bonds between tectons leads to a one-dimensional supramolecular polymer, while I···O interactions aggregate 1D chains of coordination polymer Zn4. These new complexes (Zn2, Zn3, and Zn4) and known [Zn(H3L1)(H2O)2]n (Zn1) (H3L1 = 5-(2-(2,4,6-trioxotetrahydropyrimidin-5(2H)-ylidene) hydrazineyl)isophthalate), {[Zn(H3L1)(H2O)3]·3H2O}n (Zn5), [Cd(H3L1)(H2O)2]n (Cd1), {[Cd(HL3)(H2O)2(DMF)]·H2O}n (Cd2), [Cd(H3L3)]n (Cd-3), {[Cd2(μ-H2O)2(μ-H2L4)2(H2L4)2]·2H2O}n (Cd4), and {[Cd(H3L1)(H2O)3]·4H2O}n (Cd5) were tested as catalysts in the cycloaddition reaction of CO2 with epoxides in the presence of tetrabutylammonium halides as the cocatalyst. The halogen-bonded catalyst Zn4 is the most efficient one in the presence of tetrabutylammonium bromide by affording a high yield (85-99%) of cyclic carbonates under solvent-free conditions after 48 h at 40 bar and 80 °C.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42290-42300
Number of pages11
JournalACS Omega
Volume8
Issue number45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Nov 2023

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