H-2 Sensing Based on a Pd-Coated Tapered-FBG Fabricated by DUV Femtosecond Laser Technique

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An optical fiber probe sensor based on a tapered-fiber Bragg grating (FBG) coated with 150-nm-thick Pd film is proposed for hydrogen detection. The FBG was written in a 50-mu m-diameter tapered fiber by deep ultraviolet femtosecond laser technology. A second FBG was inscribed in the 125 mu m-fiber section for temperature compensation. The sensing head was able to detect H-2 concentration in the range 0%-1% (v/v) H-2 at room temperature; a maximum sensitivity of 81.8 pm/%(v/v) H-2 was attained with temperature compensation. The influence of the Pd coating over temperature sensitivity of standard and tapered-FBGs is also presented.

Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)401-403
JournalIEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

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