Ground and excited-state electronoic interactions in poly(propylene amine) dendrimers functionalized with naphthy units: Effect of protonation and metal complexation

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We report the absorption spectra and the photophysical properties (fluorescence spectrum, quantum yield, and lifetime) of four dendrimers of the poly(propylene amine) family (POPAMs) functionalized at the periphery with naphthylsulfonamide (hereafter called naphthyl) units. Each dendrimer Gn, where n = 1 to 4 is the generation number, comprises 2(n+1) (i.e., 32 for G4) naphthyl functions in the periphery and 2(n+1) - 2 (i.e., 30 for G4) tertiary amine units in the branches. All the experiments have been carried out in acetonitrile solutions. Comparison with two reference compounds (N-methyl-naphtholene-2-sulfonamide, A, and N-(3-dimethylamino-propyl)-2-naphtholene-1-sulfonamide, B) has shown that the absorption spectra of the dendrimers are significantly different from those expected from the component units. Furthermore, the intense fluorescence bond of the nophthyl unit (lambda(max) = 343 nm; Phi = 0.15, tau = 8.5 ns) is strongly quenched in the dendrimers. The quenching effect increases with increasing generation and is accompanied by the appearance of a weak and broad emission tail at lower energy. Protonation of the amine units of the dendrimers by addition of CF3SO3H (triflic) acid causes a strong increase in the intensity of the naphthyl luminescence and a change in the form of the emission toil. The shapes of the titration curves depend on dendrimer generation, but in any case, the effect of the acid can be fully reversed by successive addition of a base (tributylamine). The results obtained show that in the dendrimers there are interactions (both in the ground and excited states) between nophthyl units as well as between nophthyl units and amine units of the branches; this gives rise to dimer/excimer and charge-transfer/exciplex excited states. Titration with Zn(CF3SO3)(2) has the some effect as acid titration, as for as the final emission spectrum is concerned, but a much higher concentration of Zn(CF3SO3)(2) has to be used and the shapes of the titration plots are very different. Titration with Co(NO3)(2).6H(2)O causes a much smaller increase in the intensity of the naphthyl fluorescence compared with Zn(CF3SO3)(2). The results obtained hove shown that protonation and metal coordination can reveal the presence of ground and excited state electronic interactions in functionalized poly(propylene amine) dendrimers, and that the presence of photoactive units in the dendrimers can be useful to reveal some peculiar aspects of the protonation and metal coordination processes.
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)473-480
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004

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