Grid interaction analysis of solar water heating photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) systems with thermal storage tanks and electrical auxiliary heaters

Pedro Magalhaes, Rui Amaral Lopes, Joao Martins

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) solar water heating systems are commonly envisioned as a combination of regular solar water heaters and grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems. Nevertheless, the PV circuit can be left in open-circuit mode to increase the effective thermal absorption or the PV electricity generated can be used to heat the storage fluid through a secondary electrical heating element. Annual dynamic simulations using representative solar water heating system sizes and representative PV-T technology were conducted for these three configurations. The purpose was to indirectly determine how they would perform on a temporary basis if used on demand by grid-operators as part of the renewable energy resources at their disposal. The results show that the use of local PV electricity to heat the storage fluid caused the shortest pump running time and lowest auxiliary energy consumption of all cases considered. In light of these results, it is reasonable to state that this solution is more efficient than disabling the PV array to increase the heat available at the collector. The practical implications of a potential application of these methods were also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2015 9th International Conference on Compatibility and Power Electronics, CPE 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages76-81
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781479963010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2015
Event9th International Conference on Compatibility and Power Electronics, CPE 2015 - Caparica, Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 24 Jun 201526 Jun 2015

Conference

Conference9th International Conference on Compatibility and Power Electronics, CPE 2015
CountryPortugal
CityCaparica, Lisbon
Period24/06/1526/06/15

Keywords

  • analysis
  • grid
  • photovoltaic
  • storage
  • thermal

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    Magalhaes, P., Lopes, R. A., & Martins, J. (2015). Grid interaction analysis of solar water heating photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) systems with thermal storage tanks and electrical auxiliary heaters. In Proceedings - 2015 9th International Conference on Compatibility and Power Electronics, CPE 2015 (pp. 76-81). [7231052] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/CPE.2015.7231052