Government financing, inflation, and the financial sector

Bernardino Adão, André C. Silva

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Abstract

We calculate the effects of an increase in government spending financed with labor income taxes or inflation. We take into account the costs of financial services and the endogenous decisions on the use of financial services. Government spending takes the form of government consumption or government transfers. Agents increase the use of financial services to avoid losses from inflation. The financial sector increases with inflation, in accordance with the data. In standard cash-in-advance models, in the presence of government transfers, it is optimal to finance the government with inflation. In our framework, it is optimal to use taxes. We reverse the result from standard cash-in-advance models. The reason is the additional costs from the increase in the financial sector.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1357-1396
JournalEconomic Theory
Volume71
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Demand for money
  • Financial sector
  • Fiscal policy
  • Government financing
  • Monetary policy

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