Good agreement between echocardiography and impedance cardiography in the assessment of left ventricular performance in hypertensive patients

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Impedance cardiography (ICG) is a noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring tool which can define hypertensive patients' hemodynamic profiles and help to tailor antihypertensive therapy. This study assesses the concordance between ICG-derived indexes used to evaluate left ventricular performance and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in hypertensive patients.

METHODS: In this IMPEDDANS post-hoc analysis, the ICG-derived indexes are compared with TTE by Bland-Altman method. Statistical significance of the relationship between the values obtained was assessed by generalized linear mixed-effects models.

RESULTS: In supine position, Bland-Altman analysis showed good concordance for cardiac output (CO) (mean difference of 0.006 mL/min [-0.120; 0.133]), cardiac index (CI) (mean difference of 0.016 mL/min/m2 [-0.471; 0.504]), pre-ejection period (PEP) (mean difference of -0.216 ms [-4.510; 4.077]), left ventricular ejection time (LVET) (mean difference of -0.140 ms [-6.573; 6.293]), and systolic time ratio (STR) (mean difference of -0.00004 [-0.008; 0.008]). In orthostatic position, good concordance was found for CO (mean difference 0.028 mL/min [-2.036; 1.980]), CI (mean difference -0.012 mL/min/m2 [-1.063; 1.039]), and STR (mean difference -0.101 [0.296; 0.094]). No significant difference between methods was identified by the linear mixed-effects models.

CONCLUSION: The ICG-derived indexes CO, CI, PEP, LVET, and STR in supine position have good agreement with TTE. Therefore, ICG can be used to accurately evaluate left ventricular performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-467
Number of pages7
JournalClinical and experimental hypertension (New York, N.Y. : 1993)
Volume40
Issue number5
Early online date27 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Echocardiography
  • hypertension
  • impedance cardiography
  • left ventricular performance
  • systolic time intervals

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