Golden glazes analysis by PIGE and PIXE techniques

M. Fonseca, H. Luís, N. Franco, M. A. Reis, P. C. Chaves, A. Taborda, J. Cruz, D. Galaviz, N. Fernandes, P. Vieira, J. P. Ribeiro, A. P. Jesus

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


We present the analysis performed on the chemical composition of two golden glazes available in the market using the PIGE and PIXE techniques at the ITN ion beam laboratory. The analysis of the light elements was performed using the Emitted Radiation Yield Analysis (ERYA) code, a standard-free method for PIGE analysis on thick samples. The results were compared to those obtained on an old glaze. Consistently high concentrations of lead and sodium were found in all analyzed golden glazes. The analysis of the samples pointed to Mo and Co as the specific elements responsible of the gold colour at the desired temperature, and allowed Portuguese ceramists to produce a golden glaze at 997 °C. Optical reflection spectra of the glazes are given, showing that the produced glaze has a spectrum similar to the old glaze. Also, in order to help the ceramists, the unknown compositions of four different types of frits (one of the components of glazes) were analysed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3060-3062
Number of pages3
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2011
Event10th European Conference on Accelerators in Applied Research and Technology (ECAART) - Athens, Greece
Duration: 13 Sept 201017 Sept 2010


  • Optical reflection spectroscopy
  • PIGE
  • PIXE
  • Quantitative thick samples analysis


Dive into the research topics of 'Golden glazes analysis by PIGE and PIXE techniques'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this