This chapter focuses on several sensing strategies and major recent advances in the use of gold nanoparticles in (bio)sensing of chemical and biological analytes. A brief introduction is presented on relevant properties of gold nanoparticles for sensing, the main types of (bio)chemical sensors, and the main detection techniques, followed by subsections according to sensing methodologies. These include colorimetric sensing and the biobarcode assay, fluorometric-based methods, electric and electrochemical sensing, and, last, more recent and advanced methodologies such as surface plasmon resonance and Raman-based sensors. In closing, relevance is given to advanced methods, featuring extremely high sensitivity and selectivity, down to single-molecule detection. Anisotropic gold nanoparticles have a special role in future developments.
|Number of pages||39|
|Journal||Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
- (Bio)chemical sensor
- Anisotropic nanoparticles
- Gold nanoparticles