Globalization, freedoms and economic convergence: an empirical exploration of a trivariate relationship using a large panel

Jorge Braga de Macedo, Joaquim Oliveira Martins, João Tovar Jalles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Using a large panel for 95 countries and the 1972–2014 period, this paper analyses the interactions among globalization, political & civil rights and economic convergence, through a simultaneous estimation technique. We use a multi-dimensional, de facto, and continuous measures of Freedoms and Globalization. We find a two-way positive relationship between civil liberties & political rights and economic, political and social Globalization, as well as significant two-way relationships with the economic convergence (using as a proxy the ratio of GDP per capita to the US). In this way, we extend the test for the two-way relationship between Democracy and Globalization put forward by Eichengreen and Leblang (Econ Politics 20(3):289–334, 2008). Overall, we also find a virtuous cycle between Globalization, Freedoms and Economic convergence, except for non-OECD countries at early intermediate stages of development. This positive systemic effect can be put into question by the recent negative shocks on Globalization and Freedoms related to the Covid-19 pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Economics and Economic Policy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • convergence
  • democracy
  • development
  • freedoms
  • globalization
  • panel data
  • three-stage least squares

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Globalization, freedoms and economic convergence: an empirical exploration of a trivariate relationship using a large panel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this