Global left ventricular myocardial work index and medium-term adverse cardiovascular events after ST-elevation myocardial infarction

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Abstract

Background: Left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS) has incremental prognostic value over ejection fraction (EF) in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), but it is also load dependent. It has been recently demonstrated that Myocardial work (MW), integrating blood pressure with GLS, predicts long-term all-cause mortality. We aimed to further explore the prognostic value of MW for cardiovascular endpoints in patients with STEMI. Methods and results: Retrospective study of 200 consecutive patients admitted with a STEMI, mean age of 62 (SD 12) years, 79.5% males, that survived to discharge. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed before discharge (5 ± 3 days after admission). Mean follow-up was 790 days. The primary outcome was a composite of cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and unplanned cardiovascular admission (ACE). During follow-up, 26 patients had a ACE. In univariable Cox regression analysis, male gender, body mass index, GRACE risk score and Global Work Index (GWI) were selected to the multivariable analysis, in which, only GWI (per 100 mmHg% decrease: hazard ratio estimate 1.19, 95% confidence interval 1.07–1.34, p-value = 0.002) remained independently associated with ACE, with effective reclassification of non-events. The best GWI cut-off to predict ACE was ≤1165 mmHg% (Log-rank, p = 0.034). Conclusions: LV GWI is independently associated with medium-term ACE. Nevertheless, prospective studies in a larger sample of patients are warranted to confirm this finding.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131781
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2024

Keywords

  • Myocardial infarction
  • Myocardial work
  • Prognosis
  • Strain

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