Global health education programs in the Americas: a scoping review

Isabel Amélia Costa Mendes, Carla Aparecida Arena Ventura, Artur Acelino Francisco Luz Nunes Queiroz, Álvaro Francisco Lopes de Sousa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The interest in Global Health (GH) as an academic discipline has increased in the last dec-ade. This article reports the findings of a scoping review of studies about Global Health education in the Americas. Objective: To analyse educational programs on global health in the Americas. Method: Five electronic databases were used in a scoping review: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Knowledge, CINAHL, and Lilacs. Data collection happened in November 2017–March 2018. The following stages were rigorously observed: identification, selection, charting, and summarizing the studies that were included. To process the data, we used IRaMuTeQ software. Findings: Forty-six studies were identified and organized in categories: 1) diversity of the topics addressed in GH; 2) models of teaching; 3) emotional, cultural, and collaborative aspects in teaching GH; 4) student preparation for GH experiences; and 5) structures required for a GH course. Conclusions: The existing global health curriculum in the Americas is diffuse and limited, with a greater focus on clinical aspects. Thus, a minimum curriculum for students from different areas is needed. Results evidenced that the teaching of global health in the Americas is still incipient, although it is promising. The lack of a common curriculum for the courses in the region makes it difficult to train sensitive and capable professionals to achieve the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number42
Pages (from-to)42-50
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Global Health
Volume86
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Apr 2020

UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-Being

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