Geospatial preparedness: empirical study of the joint effort to provide geospatial support to disaster response

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Abstract

In a disaster aftermath in places lacking geospatial preparedness, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs creates a framework for cooperation with the Coordinated Data Scramble initiative, where Information Management Officers (IMOs) from different organizations work together in supporting the coordination of humanitarian aid. The perspective of these IMOs has been considered to identify the factors influencing the use of GIS in this context. The results show the requirement for a geodata management strategy, including geodata gathering, maintenance, and decision-making processes based on those geodata. Geodata should be reliable and up-to-date. It requires consistent and useful metadata and the possibility of contacting the geodata source. Security and political issues limit information sharing. In this context, OpenStreetMap is often used as a source of information. Therefore, improving OpenStreetMap improves geospatial preparedness. Nevertheless, the use of this open platform highlights issues related to information privacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-494
JournalTransactions in GIS
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

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