This study aimed to compare the histologic and molecular gene expression at several surgical times (beginning of harvesting, TO; end of cold ischemia period, T1; and after reperfusion, T2) to characterize the ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in deceased-donor liver grafts harvested from patients with familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP). For this purpose, 54 patients undergoing liver transplantation were studied and divided into 3 groups: deceased donor to cirrhotic recipient (group 1; n = 27), deceased donor to FAP recipient (group 2; n = 15), and FAP donor to cirrhotic recipient (group 3; n = 12). The main comparison was performed between a histologic score (Suzuki score, adding steatosis and neutrophil infiltration), and molecular gene expression of the following genes: interleukin (IL) 1 beta, IL-6, E-selectin, Fas-ligand, granzyme B, heme oxygenase 1 (HO1), and nitric oxide synthetase (iNOS2A). We observed less neutrophil infiltration levels in group 3 in sample TO (P = .0082), which was associated with gene expression of HO1 in the biopsies at T2 (P = .022). In group 3, the molecular expression of genes related to attenuated proinflammatory reaction during IRI, iNOS2A at TO and HO1 at T2, was detected. We conclude that FAP liver grafts express differently the genes associated with an attenuated proinflammatory reaction, presenting less neutrophil infiltration at harvesting. These findings add more knowledge about the better short-term outcomes in patients receiving this type of liver graft.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2014|