Gellan-Gum and LiTFSI-Based Solid Polymer Electrolytes for Electrochromic Devices

Vahideh Bayzi Isfahani, Rui F. P. Pereira, Mariana Fernandes, Rodrigo C. Sabadini, Sónia Pereira, Hamid Rezagholipour Dizaji, Ali Arab, Elvira Fortunato, Agnieszka Pawlicka, Rosa Rego, Verónica de Zea Bermudez, Maria M. Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


It has been long recognized that solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) are potentially interesting for solid-state electrochemical devices. Gellan gum (Ge)-based SPEs, plasticized with glycerol (Gly) and doped with lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfone)imide (LiTFSI) were prepared by the solvent casting technique, and their properties were evaluated. LiTFSI-based SPE systems exhibit, on the average, higher conductivities than similar systems with other lithium salts. The structure, morphology, complex impedance spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry and thermal stability of the new electrolyte system were characterized. Electrochromic devices (ECDs) were built with optimized electrolyte samples and their performance was analyzed. The samples were applied in small ECDs with glass/ITO/CeO2-TiO2/SPE/Prussian blue/ITO/glass configuration. The devices presented a two-modulation operation: a semi-bright mode (−2.5 V) and a dark mode (+0.5 V). The best results were obtained with the ECD containing the GeGly1Li2.4 electrolyte, for which the transmittance (T) values in the bleached and colored states were ca. 33.4/43.0 % and 5.4/8.8 % at 555/1000 nm, respectively. These results correspond to ΔT and ΔOD values of 28.0/34.2 % and 0.79/0.69, respectively, which give quite high CEin and CEout values of −4925 cm2 C−1 for bleaching (Qin=−272.1 μC cm−2), and 2062 cm2 C−1 for coloring (Qout=650.0 μC cm−2), at 630 nm. This electro-optical performance suggests that the proposed SPE systems are promising materials to be further investigated and applied in ECDs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5110-5119
Number of pages10
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 27 May 2021


  • Electrochromic devices
  • Gellan gum
  • LiTFSI-based SPE
  • Prussian blue


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