Gasification of Solid Recovered Fuels with Variable Fractions of Polymeric Materials †

Octávio Alves, Luís Calado, Roberta M. Panizio, Catarina Nobre, Eliseu Monteiro, Paulo Brito, Margarida Gonçalves

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Gasification is a promising thermochemical technology used to convert waste materials into energy with the introduction of low amounts of an oxidant agent, therefore producing an environmental impact that is lower when compared to incineration and landfilling. Moreover, gasification allows a sustainable management of wastes and reduces the use of fossil fuels responsible for the increment of greenhouse gases. This work aimed to perform gasification tests with solid recovered fuels (SRF) containing organic fractions mainly retrieved from construction and demolition wastes to assess the potential for energy conversion. Tests were conducted in a pilot-scale downdraft gasifier (maximum feedstock input of 22 kg/h) at c.a. 800 °C, using SRF samples containing different proportions of polymeric wastes ranging between 0 and 20 wt %. Gas and chars obtained as by-products were analysed to evaluate their properties and to establish valid pathways for their valorisation. The addition of polymeric wastes reduced char production but rose both tar and HCl concentrations in the gas. The SRF with 10 wt % of polymeric wastes generated the best results, producing the highest calorific value for the gas (3.5 MJ/Nm3) and the highest cold-gas efficiency (45%). Possible char applications include their use as catalysts for tar decomposition, or as an additive in construction materials. Gasification can therefore be considered a valid solution for the energetic valorisation of these SRFs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8139
Number of pages19
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • construction and demolition waste
  • gasification
  • polymeric waste
  • solid recovered fuel


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