Fundamentals of pervaporation

J. G. Crespo, Carla Brazinha

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pervaporation is a membrane separation process that allows for the selective transport of solutes present in liquid mixtures. This process has particularly unique and adequate features to remove volatile compounds present in liquid mixtures at trace levels. This chapter discusses the fundamental aspects of transport phenomena in pervaporation processes by describing the mass transport mechanism involved, commonly explained by the sorption-diffusion model. This chapter also addresses fundamental problems that should be considered when designing a pervaporation process and when defining its operating conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPervaporation, Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation: Principles and Applications
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages3-17
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9781782422563
ISBN (Print)9781782422464
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2015

Keywords

  • Dense membranes
  • Permeability
  • Pervaporation
  • Process design
  • Sorption-diffusion model

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    Crespo, J. G., & Brazinha, C. (2015). Fundamentals of pervaporation. In Pervaporation, Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation: Principles and Applications (pp. 3-17). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-78242-246-4.00001-5