Functional materials from liquid crystalline cellulose derivatives: Synthetic routes, characterization and applications

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cellulose is a linear syndiotactic homopolymer composed of d-anhydroglucopyranose units which are linked by β-(1→4)-glycosidic bonds. The primary and secondary free hydroxyl groups, which decorate the polysaccharide chains, can undergo chemical substitution given rise to a high range of cellulose derivatives. It is well known that cellulose derivatives are at the origin of films and fibers, which characteristics can be diverse if prepared from liquid crystalline phases. Cellulose derivatives can present thermotropic as well as lyotropic phases whose characteristics are strongly affected by the architecture of the polymer chains, which can be dictated by the size, number and type of the substituents attached to cellulose main chain. In this chapter we highlight the chemical versatility of cellulose to generate liquid crystalline cellulose derivatives, which can be at the origin of high-performance materials with different mechanical, optical, thermal and structural properties that have lately regained wider attention due to the recognition of their innovative properties associated with their biocompatibility. Special attention will be devoted to recent advances, including the use of cellulose liquid crystalline derivatives to produce a soft motor, light modulated wettability films, non-woven membranes consisting in micro- and nano-helices and matrices for electro-optical devices.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLiquid Crystalline Polymers: Volume 2 - Processing and Applications
EditorsVijay Kumar Thakur, Michael R. Kessler
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages339-368
Number of pages30
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-20270-9
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-20269-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2015

Fingerprint

Cellulose derivatives
Liquid Crystals
Functional materials
Cellulose
Crystalline materials
Liquids
Electrooptical devices
Polysaccharides
Homopolymerization
Biocompatibility
Hydroxyl Radical
Wetting
Structural properties
Polymers
Substitution reactions
Thermodynamic properties
Optical properties
Derivatives
Membranes
Mechanical properties

Keywords

  • Cellulose
  • Cellulose derivatives
  • Esters of hydroxypropylcellulose
  • Functional materials
  • Hydroxypropylcellulose
  • Liquid crystalline polymers
  • Thermotropic cellulose liquid crystals

Cite this

Fernandes, S. M. B. N., Canejo, J. P. H. G., Echeverria, M. D. C., & Godinho, M. H. (2015). Functional materials from liquid crystalline cellulose derivatives: Synthetic routes, characterization and applications. In V. K. Thakur, & M. R. Kessler (Eds.), Liquid Crystalline Polymers: Volume 2 - Processing and Applications (Vol. 2, pp. 339-368). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20270-9_14
Fernandes, Susete Maria Brazão Nogueira ; Canejo, João Paulo Heitor Godinho ; Echeverria, Maria del Coro ; Godinho, M. H. / Functional materials from liquid crystalline cellulose derivatives: Synthetic routes, characterization and applications. Liquid Crystalline Polymers: Volume 2 - Processing and Applications. editor / Vijay Kumar Thakur ; Michael R. Kessler. Vol. 2 Switzerland : Springer International Publishing, 2015. pp. 339-368
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Fernandes, SMBN, Canejo, JPHG, Echeverria, MDC & Godinho, MH 2015, Functional materials from liquid crystalline cellulose derivatives: Synthetic routes, characterization and applications. in VK Thakur & MR Kessler (eds), Liquid Crystalline Polymers: Volume 2 - Processing and Applications. vol. 2, Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, pp. 339-368. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20270-9_14

Functional materials from liquid crystalline cellulose derivatives: Synthetic routes, characterization and applications. / Fernandes, Susete Maria Brazão Nogueira ; Canejo, João Paulo Heitor Godinho; Echeverria, Maria del Coro ; Godinho, M. H.

Liquid Crystalline Polymers: Volume 2 - Processing and Applications. ed. / Vijay Kumar Thakur; Michael R. Kessler. Vol. 2 Switzerland : Springer International Publishing, 2015. p. 339-368.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Functional materials from liquid crystalline cellulose derivatives: Synthetic routes, characterization and applications

AU - Fernandes, Susete Maria Brazão Nogueira

AU - Canejo, João Paulo Heitor Godinho

AU - Echeverria, Maria del Coro

AU - Godinho, M. H.

PY - 2015/8/25

Y1 - 2015/8/25

N2 - Cellulose is a linear syndiotactic homopolymer composed of d-anhydroglucopyranose units which are linked by β-(1→4)-glycosidic bonds. The primary and secondary free hydroxyl groups, which decorate the polysaccharide chains, can undergo chemical substitution given rise to a high range of cellulose derivatives. It is well known that cellulose derivatives are at the origin of films and fibers, which characteristics can be diverse if prepared from liquid crystalline phases. Cellulose derivatives can present thermotropic as well as lyotropic phases whose characteristics are strongly affected by the architecture of the polymer chains, which can be dictated by the size, number and type of the substituents attached to cellulose main chain. In this chapter we highlight the chemical versatility of cellulose to generate liquid crystalline cellulose derivatives, which can be at the origin of high-performance materials with different mechanical, optical, thermal and structural properties that have lately regained wider attention due to the recognition of their innovative properties associated with their biocompatibility. Special attention will be devoted to recent advances, including the use of cellulose liquid crystalline derivatives to produce a soft motor, light modulated wettability films, non-woven membranes consisting in micro- and nano-helices and matrices for electro-optical devices.

AB - Cellulose is a linear syndiotactic homopolymer composed of d-anhydroglucopyranose units which are linked by β-(1→4)-glycosidic bonds. The primary and secondary free hydroxyl groups, which decorate the polysaccharide chains, can undergo chemical substitution given rise to a high range of cellulose derivatives. It is well known that cellulose derivatives are at the origin of films and fibers, which characteristics can be diverse if prepared from liquid crystalline phases. Cellulose derivatives can present thermotropic as well as lyotropic phases whose characteristics are strongly affected by the architecture of the polymer chains, which can be dictated by the size, number and type of the substituents attached to cellulose main chain. In this chapter we highlight the chemical versatility of cellulose to generate liquid crystalline cellulose derivatives, which can be at the origin of high-performance materials with different mechanical, optical, thermal and structural properties that have lately regained wider attention due to the recognition of their innovative properties associated with their biocompatibility. Special attention will be devoted to recent advances, including the use of cellulose liquid crystalline derivatives to produce a soft motor, light modulated wettability films, non-woven membranes consisting in micro- and nano-helices and matrices for electro-optical devices.

KW - Cellulose

KW - Cellulose derivatives

KW - Esters of hydroxypropylcellulose

KW - Functional materials

KW - Hydroxypropylcellulose

KW - Liquid crystalline polymers

KW - Thermotropic cellulose liquid crystals

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DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-20270-9_14

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-3-319-20269-3

VL - 2

SP - 339

EP - 368

BT - Liquid Crystalline Polymers: Volume 2 - Processing and Applications

A2 - Thakur, Vijay Kumar

A2 - Kessler, Michael R.

PB - Springer International Publishing

CY - Switzerland

ER -

Fernandes SMBN, Canejo JPHG, Echeverria MDC, Godinho MH. Functional materials from liquid crystalline cellulose derivatives: Synthetic routes, characterization and applications. In Thakur VK, Kessler MR, editors, Liquid Crystalline Polymers: Volume 2 - Processing and Applications. Vol. 2. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. 2015. p. 339-368 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20270-9_14