From “sensed” to “complex”: some reflections on borders throughout history

Emily Lange, Iva Pires

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


The concept and definition of borders has evolved significantly over time. In Europe the twentieth century alone has seen remarkable changes. At the beginning of the century borders represented the clear end of the sovereignty of one state and the beginning of another while the second half of the same century brought revolutionary concepts of state borders. This article aims to contribute towards the conceptual discussion of borders, tracing some of the journey of this concept, from centuries ago when they were perceived as more ”sensed”, to more recent interpretations of ”solid” and “liquid” borders to today's “complex” borders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-304
Number of pages12
JournalSpace and Polity
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sep 2015


  • border concept
  • borderless Europe
  • borders
  • liquid modernity

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