From agenda XXI to participatory budgeting: The Cascais experiment in Portugal

Cecília Delgado, Yves Cabannes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Agenda XXI started the city of Cascais, Portugal in 2006, and from this process emerged a proposal for Participatory Budgeting, which has been coordinated
since 2011 by the municipal team, which is in charge of implementing Agenda XXI. This origin explains to a large extent the importance of environmental
issues within the proposals and projects submitted for voting.
Unlike many other municipalities in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, Cascais enjoys a relatively large resource base: with a population of 206,000 in 2012,
and a municipal budget estimated at 202 million Euros annually, the municipal budget averages around 1,000 Euros per resident (Cabral and Marinho, 2012).
The Participatory Budgeting process in Cascais is both territorial [or space based], taking place in the city’s six districts (called freguesias in Portugal), as
well as thematic, since it addresses the five pillars of the sustainability strategy of Cascais: territory with quality of urban life, territory of creativity, knowledge
and innovation, a territory of environmental values, a cohesive and inclusive territory, and a territory of active citizenship.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationParticipatory Budgeting: Another city is possible! Alternatives to the city as a commodity
Place of PublicationLausanne, Suíça
PublisherCharles Leopold Foundation
ISBN (Print)978-989-20-5561-9
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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