Francisco Suarez's: Conception of the Social Contract

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This paper engages with Suárez’s writings on the origins of political power in order to ascertain whether he can be considered a social contract theorist at all. It focuses on specific details of his consent theory, namely the ‘who’, the ‘what’, the ‘how’ and the ‘what for’ of the agreements that originate government. The conclusion shows that even though his systematic treatment of contracts falls short of becoming a social contract theory in the same way as modern contractualist thinkers, he can still be considered a social contract theorist in the tradition of the School of Salamanca.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1195-1218
Number of pages24
JournalRevista Portuguesa de Filosofia
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Contractualism
  • Suarez
  • Social Philosophy
  • Counter-Reformation
  • social contract
  • school of Salamanca


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