Forest insects and chemical espionage: state-of-the-art applications in IPM Paiva, M R1,2, Mateus EP1,3, Branco MR2 1Faculty of Sciences and Technology (FCT), Universidade Nova de Lisboa (UNL), 2829-516 Campus de Caparica. email@example.com 2Centro de Estudos Florestais (CEF), Instituto Superior de Agronomia (ISA), Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa (UTL), 1349-01 Lisboa. firstname.lastname@example.org 3CENSE, FCT, UNL, 2829-516 Campus de Caparaica. email@example.com Although tree plantations occupy an estimated area of 187 million ha worldwide, the use of semiochemicals for the control of forest pests is still not widespread. An analysis of the developments and constraints linked to the use of pheromones, anti-pheromones, kairomones, host and non-host volatiles is here presented and illustrated with case studies for insects causing major forest problems to pine and eucalyptus plantations. The pros and cons of techniques resorting to the application of behaviour modifier chemicals in IPM, namely monitoring, mass trapping, lure and kill, push and pull and mating disruption strategies, are discussed. Case studies address the potential use of pine bast scales pheromones, Matsucoccus spp., for predator attraction and on the manipulation of host volatiles for attraction and concentration of e.g. ovipositing females of the pine processionary moth, Thaumetopoea pityocampa and of adults of the eucalyptus snout beetle Gonipterus spp. Currently, technological advancements namely in analytical techniques, coupled with an increased awareness of the environmental impacts caused by uncontrolled insect outbreaks to forest ecosystems, are triggering a high demand for the development of new products and growing application of semiochemicals in forestry.
|Title of host publication||XV Congresso Ibérico de Entomologia, Universidade dos Açores, Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira, Portugal. 2-6 de Setembro|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2012|
|Event||XV Congresso Ibérico de Entomologia, Universidade dos Açores, Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira, Portugal - Universidade dos Açores, Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira, Portugal|
Duration: 2 Sep 2012 → 6 Sep 2012
|Conference||XV Congresso Ibérico de Entomologia, Universidade dos Açores, Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira, Portugal|
|City||Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira|
|Period||2/09/12 → 6/09/12|