Forecasting saltwater intrusion volume and sulfate content in a wastewater collection system. Case study: Barreiro/Moita WWTP, Portugal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The presence of salt water from the Tagus Estuary has been identified in the influent at Barreiro/Moita Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP), Portugal. The intrusion occurs throughout damaged sections and direct vectors in the wastewater collection system, during high tide levels, changing the wastewater characteristics and impacting the WWTP process. This study designed models to quantify this problem, enabling more effective countermeasures within the right timing. The proposed models estimate the average volume of salt water and sulfate (SO24) load for each high tide period. The laboratory results show strong correlations between the influent electrical conductivity (EC) and percentage of salt water in WWTP inflow (0.9909), and between EC and SO24 concentration in WWTP influent (0.9797). The forecast models also show good correlation between the high tide levels with volume of salt water (0.9145) and SO24 load (0.9162) entering the system. Considering the total monthly inflow, the highest percentage of salt water registered in WWTP inflow was 3.6%. During high tide periods, critical situations have been assessed with up to 53.9% of salt water in the WWTP inflow, increasing energy consumption and costs in pumping stations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3648-3660
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Water and Climate Change
Volume12
Issue number8(SI)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Electrical conductivity
  • Forecasting models
  • Saltwater intrusion
  • Undue inflow
  • Wastewater collection system
  • Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Forecasting saltwater intrusion volume and sulfate content in a wastewater collection system. Case study: Barreiro/Moita WWTP, Portugal'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this