Fluorescence coupled with chemometrics for simultaneous monitoring of cell concentration, cell viability and medium nitrate during production of carotenoid-rich Dunaliella salina

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Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) fluorescence spectroscopy was investigated as a monitoring tool for cultivation, harvesting, and effluent treatment of Dunaliella salina with high carotenoid concentration; aiming to improve the production process and minimise costs. Chemometric analysis, namely Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Projection to Latent Structures (PLS), were used to build models for estimation of cellular concentration, cellular viability, and nitrate concentration in media. The estimations were based on fluorescence excitation-emission matrices (EEMs) acquired directly from algal suspensions. Cell concentration during cultivation and harvesting can be predicted by a single model capturing 92.0% of the variance, and with R2 of 0.92 and 0.97, for training and validation, respectively. Cell viability during harvesting by ultrafiltration was modelled with 79% of variance and R2 of 0.79 for training and 0.73 for validation. Nitrate concentration was successfully predicted during cultivation and permeate treatment using a single model with 81.8% of variance and R2 of 0.82 for training and 0.80 for validation. Therefore, this work demonstrates the strong potential of combining 2D fluorescence and chemometrics for monitoring different processes during microalgae production.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101720
JournalAlgal Research
Volume44
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Carotenogenesis
  • Dunaliella salina
  • Fluorescence EEMs
  • Membrane harvesting
  • Monitoring

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