Flavylium Network of Chemical Reactions in Confined Media: Modulation of 3 ',4 ',7-Trihydroxyflavilium Reactions by Host-Guest Interactions with Cucurbit[7]uril

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Abstract

In moderately acidic aqueous solutions, flavylium compounds undergo a pH-, and in some cases, light-dependent array of reversible chemical reactions. This network can be described as a single acid-base reaction involving a flavylium cation (acidic form) and a mixture of basic forms (quinoidal base, hemiketal and cis and trans chalcones). The apparent pK'(a) of the system and the relative mole fractions of the basic forms can be modulated by the interaction with cucurbit[7]uril. The system is studied by using H-1 NMR spectroscopy, UV/Vis spectroscopy, flash photolysis, and steady-state irradiation. Of all the network species, the flavylium cation possesses the highest affinity for cucurbit[7]uril. The rate of interconversion between flavylium cation and the basic species (where trans-chalcone is dominant) is approximately nine times lower inside the cucurbit[7]uril.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2295-2302
Number of pages8
JournalChemPhysChem
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Aug 2014

Keywords

  • cucurbiturils
  • flavylium ions
  • host-guest systems
  • phytochemistry
  • uv/vis spectroscopy
  • PK(A) SHIFTS
  • ANTHOCYANIN
  • COMPLEXATION
  • CUCURBITURIL
  • INCLUSION
  • CHEMISTRY
  • HOMOLOGS
  • PROTEIN
  • COLOR
  • RED

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