First detection of meloidogyne luci (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae) parasitizing potato in the Azores, Portugal

Leidy Rusinque, Filomena Nóbrega, Laura Cordeiro, Clara Serra, Maria L. Inácio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Potato is the third most important crop in the world after rice and wheat, with a great social and economic importance in Portugal as it is grown throughout the country, including the archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores. The tropical root-knot nematode (RKN) Meloidogyne luci is a polyphagous species with many of its host plants having economic importance and the ability to survive in temperate regions, which pose a risk to agricultural production. In 2019, M. luci was detected from soil samples collected from the council of Santo António in Pico Island (Azores). Bioassays were carried out to obtain females, egg masses, and second-stage juveniles to characterize this isolate morphologically, biochemically, and molecularly. The observed morphological features and morphometrics showed high similarity and consistency with previous descriptions. Concerning the biochemical characterization, the esterase (EST) phenotype displayed a pattern with three bands similar to the one previously described for M. luci and distinct from M. ethiopica. Regarding the molecular analysis, an 1800 bp region of the mitochondrial DNA between cytochrome oxidase subunit II (COII) and 16S rRNA genes was analyzed and the phylogenetic tree revealed that the isolate grouped with M. luci isolates (99.17%). This is the first report of M. luci parasitizing potato in the Azores islands, contributing additional information on the distribution of this plant-parasitic nematode.

Original languageEnglish
Article number99
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalPlants
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • EST phenotype
  • Identification
  • MtDNA
  • Root-knot nematodes

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