After the Portuguese discovered the Cape Verde Islands in AD 1456 they divided its main island, Santiago, into two governing captaincies. The founding settlement in the south-west, Cidade Velha, soon became the Islands' capital and a thriving trade centre; in contrast, that in the east, Alcatrazes, only lasted as an official seat from 1484-1516 and is held to have 'failed' (see Richter 2015).
- Santiago Island
- Cape Verde
- early Luso-African settlement
- Cidade Velha