Field study using additional rails and an approach slab as a transition zone from slab track to the ballasted track

H. Heydari-Noghabi, J. A. Zakeri, M. Esmaeili, J. N. Varandas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

An abrupt change in the stiffness of railway tracks at the junction between slab track and ballasted track causes increased dynamic loads, asymmetric settlements, damage of track components, and, consequently, increased maintenance costs. Due to this, a transition zone is usually built at the junction between the ballasted and the ballastless tracks to reduce the aforementioned problems. One of the methods suggested as a transition zone in these areas is to use a combination of an approach slab and additional rails. This study evaluates the dynamic behavior of this type of transition zone using field tests and also compares its performance with a transition zone built only with an approach slab. Hence, in the Tehran–Karaj railway line, two types of transition zones were constructed: one including only the approach slab and the other one including additional rails and an approach slab. Then, by conducting some field tests, the dynamic behavior of the track in these two types of transition zones was examined. The results of the field measurements show that for the analyzed case study, at the combined transition zone with additional rails and an approach slab, instead of a sudden increase in rail displacements from the slab track to the ballasted track (i.e. by 53%), initially, in the first part of the transition zone (with additional rails and an approach slab), the deflections increase by an average of 31%, and then in the second part of the transition zone (with additional rails only) the deflections increase additionally by 11%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)970-978
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit
Volume232
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • additional rails
  • approach slab
  • field tests
  • Railway track
  • transition zone from slab track to ballasted track

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