Few European Adults are Living a Healthy Lifestyle

Adilson Marques, Miguel Peralta, João Martins, Vânia Loureiro, Paola Cortés Almanzar, Margarida Gaspar de Matos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to measure healthy lifestyle for European adults. Design: Cross-sectional study. Settings: In 20 European countries. Participants: A total of 34 993 (16 749 men, 18 244 women) European adults. Measures: Data were from the 2014 European Social Survey (n = 34 993) on 4 modifiable behaviors (physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, not drinking alcohol to excess, and not smoking) as well as sleep quality. Analysis: Behaviors were combined and formed a healthy lifestyle measure. Binary logistic regression was done to determine associations of healthy lifestyle and sociodemographic characteristics. Results: Only 5.8% of the adults reported a healthy lifestyle. The prevalence of having a healthy lifestyle varied among European countries. The lowest rates were in Hungary (1.3%) and Czech Republic (1.9%). The highest rates were in United Kingdom (8.6%) and Finland (9.2%). Those who presented a higher likelihood of having a healthy lifestyle were middle age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.20), older people (OR = 1.34), having higher household income (OR = 1.33), being a student (OR = 1.38), and retired (OR = 1.31). Those less likely to have a healthy lifestyle were lived without a partner (OR = 0.82), unemployed (OR = 0.73), and lived in rural areas (OR = 0.86). Conclusions: Few European adults were practicing 5 healthy behaviors. This should be a message for governments and be considered in the establishment of preventive public policies in the areas of health and health education.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-398
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Odds Ratio
behavior analysis
ESS
vegetables
household income
Czech Republic
sleep
cross-sectional study
Hungary
health promotion
Finland
smoking
rural area
public policy
logistics
alcohol
regression
Healthy Lifestyle
Public Policy
health

Keywords

  • culture change
  • drink alcohol
  • getting cooperized
  • physical activity
  • sleep quality
  • smoking
  • social and physical health
  • vegetables consumption

Cite this

Marques, A., Peralta, M., Martins, J., Loureiro, V., Almanzar, P. C., & de Matos, M. G. (2019). Few European Adults are Living a Healthy Lifestyle. American Journal of Health Promotion, 33(3), 391-398. https://doi.org/10.1177/0890117118787078
Marques, Adilson ; Peralta, Miguel ; Martins, João ; Loureiro, Vânia ; Almanzar, Paola Cortés ; de Matos, Margarida Gaspar. / Few European Adults are Living a Healthy Lifestyle. In: American Journal of Health Promotion. 2019 ; Vol. 33, No. 3. pp. 391-398.
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Marques, A, Peralta, M, Martins, J, Loureiro, V, Almanzar, PC & de Matos, MG 2019, 'Few European Adults are Living a Healthy Lifestyle' American Journal of Health Promotion, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 391-398. https://doi.org/10.1177/0890117118787078

Few European Adults are Living a Healthy Lifestyle. / Marques, Adilson; Peralta, Miguel; Martins, João; Loureiro, Vânia; Almanzar, Paola Cortés; de Matos, Margarida Gaspar.

In: American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol. 33, No. 3, 2019, p. 391-398.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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