Few European Adults are Living a Healthy Lifestyle

Adilson Marques, Miguel Peralta, João Martins, Vânia Loureiro, Paola Cortés Almanzar, Margarida Gaspar de Matos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
228 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose: This study aimed to measure healthy lifestyle for European adults. Design: Cross-sectional study. Settings: In 20 European countries. Participants: A total of 34 993 (16 749 men, 18 244 women) European adults. Measures: Data were from the 2014 European Social Survey (n = 34 993) on 4 modifiable behaviors (physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, not drinking alcohol to excess, and not smoking) as well as sleep quality. Analysis: Behaviors were combined and formed a healthy lifestyle measure. Binary logistic regression was done to determine associations of healthy lifestyle and sociodemographic characteristics. Results: Only 5.8% of the adults reported a healthy lifestyle. The prevalence of having a healthy lifestyle varied among European countries. The lowest rates were in Hungary (1.3%) and Czech Republic (1.9%). The highest rates were in United Kingdom (8.6%) and Finland (9.2%). Those who presented a higher likelihood of having a healthy lifestyle were middle age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.20), older people (OR = 1.34), having higher household income (OR = 1.33), being a student (OR = 1.38), and retired (OR = 1.31). Those less likely to have a healthy lifestyle were lived without a partner (OR = 0.82), unemployed (OR = 0.73), and lived in rural areas (OR = 0.86). Conclusions: Few European adults were practicing 5 healthy behaviors. This should be a message for governments and be considered in the establishment of preventive public policies in the areas of health and health education.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-398
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • culture change
  • drink alcohol
  • getting cooperized
  • physical activity
  • sleep quality
  • smoking
  • social and physical health
  • vegetables consumption


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