Ferreira de Castro: a lã, a Covilhã e a política laboral do Estado Novo

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Abstract

In 1947 Ferreira de Castro publishes The wool and the snow, a novel that tells the life of Horacio, a bucolic sheepherder who chooses to be a weaver in an industrial city; in this novel, the author frames Covilhã as a utopian city based upon harmonious relations between employers and employees in the wool industry, and both the characters and the narrator testify in loco that a more dignified life for the working class is already beginning under the practical effects of two laws promulgated by the Estado Novo in the 1930s: the National Labour Statute and the Collective Labour Agreement. Ferreira de Castro describes the exemplary way all wool mills enforce the new employment standard laws covering issues in work and rest hours, ages of admission, hygiene and safety, career advancement, protection of female workers, housing affordability, unemployment and incapacity. In a country town, an industrial utopia emerges as an alternative model to the pandemonium of a post-war hopeless Europe: the factory work was increasing, and wages were duly paid. There was order in a quiet nation, free of strikes and seditious Unions, much in line with the strategy outlined by António Ferro, mentor of Salazar’s fascist regime, for their tentacular propaganda machine.
Original languagePortuguese
Title of host publicationHistória do Movimento Operário e Conflitos Sociais em Portugal
Subtitle of host publicationAtas do IV Congresso de História do Movimento Operário e dos Conflitos Sociais em Portugal e III Conferência do Observatório para as Condições de Trabalho e Vida
EditorsPamela Cabreira, Raquel Varela
Place of PublicationLisbon
PublisherIHC-Instituto de História Contemporânea
Chapter11
Pages413-430
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)978-989-8956-20-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventIV Congresso de História do Trabalho, do Movimento Operário e dos Movimentos Sociais em Portugal e III Congresso do Observatório para as Condições de Trabalho e Vida: “Tempos Modernos, Jornadas Antigas“ - FCSH/UNL -ISCTE/IUL, Lisboa, Portugal
Duration: 15 Nov 201916 Nov 2019
Conference number: IV & III
https://historiamovimentooperario.wordpress.com

Publication series

NameE-IHC
Number2

Other

OtherIV Congresso de História do Trabalho, do Movimento Operário e dos Movimentos Sociais em Portugal e III Congresso do Observatório para as Condições de Trabalho e Vida
CountryPortugal
CityLisboa
Period15/11/1916/11/19
Internet address

Keywords

  • Ferreira de Castro
  • Labour policy
  • Estado Novo

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