Fear of foresight: knowledge and ignorance in organizational foresight

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


We discuss the changes occurring in the field of organizational foresight. The analysis results from viewing foresight from two different perspectives: as centered on the future or on the present; as macroscopic analysis or microscopic practice. The combination of these factors results in four different modes of organizational foresight: strategic planning, visioning, scenario thinking and planned emergence. These different perspectives are examined. We contribute to the literature by presenting foresight as a complex process, amenable to different understandings. Foresight is often portrayed as a technical and analytic process. We discuss it as a human process permeated by a dialectic between the need to know and the fear of knowing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)942-955
Number of pages14
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2006


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