Fado and Fatima: Salazar's Portugal in US film fiction

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Although Portugal served as the setting for over thirty Hollywood films produced during the Estado Novo dictatorship (1933-1974), the country's cinematic image was largely a product of World War II, whose specific context encouraged a sanitized depiction of its regime, perpetuated during the Cold War. After contextualizing Portugal's presence and involvement in those productions, this article examines Hollywood's engagement with two important symbols associated with the Salazar dictatorship, namely fado music and the Miracle of Fatima. It discusses their narrative purposes in US film fiction and, in turn, how North American cinema helped promote these cultural pillars of the Estado Novo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-74
Number of pages23
JournalFilm History: An International Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017


  • Cinema
  • Fado
  • Fatima
  • Hollywood
  • Portugal
  • Propaganda

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