Factors associated with prenatal care and HIV and syphilis testing during pregnancy in primary health care

Freitas, Claudia Helena Soares de Morais, Forte, Franklin Delano Soares, Roncalli, Ângelo Giuseppe, Galvão, Maria Helena Rodrigues, Ardigleusa Alves Coelho, S Dias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the factors associated with HIV and syphilis testing during pregnancy in Brazil. Methods: This was an ecological study covering all Brazilian municipalities evaluated by the second cycle of the National Program for Access and Quality Improvement in Primary Care, 2013-2014. The dependent variables were based on prenatal care access: prenatal care appointments, and HIV and syphilis tests during prenatal care. The independent variables were compared with demographic and social characteristics. Bivariate analysis was performed assessing the three outcomes with the independent variables. Variables with significant associations in this bivariate analysis were fit in a Poisson multiple regression analysis with robust variance to obtain adjusted estimates. Result: Poisson regression analysis showed a statistically significant association with the variables "less than eight years of study" [prevalence ratio (PR) = 1.31; 95%CI 1.19-1.45; p < 0.001] and "participants of the cash transfer program" (PR = 0.80; 95%CI 0.72-0.88; p < 0.001) for the outcome of "having less than six prenatal care appointments" and individual variables. A statistically significant association was found for "participants of the cash transfer program" (PR = 1.43; 95%CI 1.19-1.72; p < 0.001) regarding the outcome from the comparison between HIV testing absence during prenatal care and demographic and social characteristics. The absence of syphilis testing during prenatal care, and demographic and social characteristics presented a statistically significant association for the education level variable "less than eight years of study" (PR =1.75; 95%CI 1.56-1.96; p < 0.001) and "participants of the cash transfer program" (PR = 1.21, 95%CI 1.07-1.36; p < 0.001). Conclusions: The individual factors were associated with prenatal care appointments and HIV and syphilis tests in Brazilian pregnant women. They show missed opportunities for diagnosing HIV and syphilis infection during prenatal care and indicate weaknesses in the quality of maternal health care services to eliminate mother-to-child transmission.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-86
Number of pages10
JournalRevista de Saúde Pública
VolumeVol. 53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sep 2019

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Prenatal Care
Syphilis
Primary Health Care
HIV
Pregnancy
Appointments and Schedules
Demography
Maternal Health Services
Cross-Sectional Studies
Regression Analysis
Quality of Health Care
Quality Improvement
HIV Infections
Brazil
Pregnant Women
Mothers
Education

Keywords

  • Prenatal Care
  • HIV infections
  • Diagnosis
  • AIDS serodiagnosis
  • Syphilis
  • Congenital
  • Infectious disease transmission
  • Vertical
  • Prevention and control
  • Health care quality
  • Access
  • Evaluation

Cite this

Claudia Helena Soares de Morais, F., Franklin Delano Soares, F., Ângelo Giuseppe, R., Maria Helena Rodrigues, G., Alves Coelho, A., & Dias, S. (2019). Factors associated with prenatal care and HIV and syphilis testing during pregnancy in primary health care. Revista de Saúde Pública, Vol. 53, 76-86. https://doi.org/10.11606/s1518-8787.2019053001205
Claudia Helena Soares de Morais, Freitas, ; Franklin Delano Soares, Forte, ; Ângelo Giuseppe, Roncalli, ; Maria Helena Rodrigues, Galvão, ; Alves Coelho, Ardigleusa ; Dias, S. / Factors associated with prenatal care and HIV and syphilis testing during pregnancy in primary health care. In: Revista de Saúde Pública. 2019 ; Vol. Vol. 53. pp. 76-86.
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abstract = "Objective: To evaluate the factors associated with HIV and syphilis testing during pregnancy in Brazil. Methods: This was an ecological study covering all Brazilian municipalities evaluated by the second cycle of the National Program for Access and Quality Improvement in Primary Care, 2013-2014. The dependent variables were based on prenatal care access: prenatal care appointments, and HIV and syphilis tests during prenatal care. The independent variables were compared with demographic and social characteristics. Bivariate analysis was performed assessing the three outcomes with the independent variables. Variables with significant associations in this bivariate analysis were fit in a Poisson multiple regression analysis with robust variance to obtain adjusted estimates. Result: Poisson regression analysis showed a statistically significant association with the variables {"}less than eight years of study{"} [prevalence ratio (PR) = 1.31; 95{\%}CI 1.19-1.45; p < 0.001] and {"}participants of the cash transfer program{"} (PR = 0.80; 95{\%}CI 0.72-0.88; p < 0.001) for the outcome of {"}having less than six prenatal care appointments{"} and individual variables. A statistically significant association was found for {"}participants of the cash transfer program{"} (PR = 1.43; 95{\%}CI 1.19-1.72; p < 0.001) regarding the outcome from the comparison between HIV testing absence during prenatal care and demographic and social characteristics. The absence of syphilis testing during prenatal care, and demographic and social characteristics presented a statistically significant association for the education level variable {"}less than eight years of study{"} (PR =1.75; 95{\%}CI 1.56-1.96; p < 0.001) and {"}participants of the cash transfer program{"} (PR = 1.21, 95{\%}CI 1.07-1.36; p < 0.001). Conclusions: The individual factors were associated with prenatal care appointments and HIV and syphilis tests in Brazilian pregnant women. They show missed opportunities for diagnosing HIV and syphilis infection during prenatal care and indicate weaknesses in the quality of maternal health care services to eliminate mother-to-child transmission.",
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Claudia Helena Soares de Morais, F, Franklin Delano Soares, F, Ângelo Giuseppe, R, Maria Helena Rodrigues, G, Alves Coelho, A & Dias, S 2019, 'Factors associated with prenatal care and HIV and syphilis testing during pregnancy in primary health care', Revista de Saúde Pública, vol. Vol. 53, pp. 76-86. https://doi.org/10.11606/s1518-8787.2019053001205

Factors associated with prenatal care and HIV and syphilis testing during pregnancy in primary health care. / Claudia Helena Soares de Morais, Freitas, ; Franklin Delano Soares, Forte,; Ângelo Giuseppe, Roncalli, ; Maria Helena Rodrigues, Galvão,; Alves Coelho, Ardigleusa; Dias, S.

In: Revista de Saúde Pública, Vol. Vol. 53, 23.09.2019, p. 76-86.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors associated with prenatal care and HIV and syphilis testing during pregnancy in primary health care

AU - Claudia Helena Soares de Morais, Freitas,

AU - Franklin Delano Soares, Forte,

AU - Ângelo Giuseppe, Roncalli,

AU - Maria Helena Rodrigues, Galvão,

AU - Alves Coelho, Ardigleusa

AU - Dias, S

PY - 2019/9/23

Y1 - 2019/9/23

N2 - Objective: To evaluate the factors associated with HIV and syphilis testing during pregnancy in Brazil. Methods: This was an ecological study covering all Brazilian municipalities evaluated by the second cycle of the National Program for Access and Quality Improvement in Primary Care, 2013-2014. The dependent variables were based on prenatal care access: prenatal care appointments, and HIV and syphilis tests during prenatal care. The independent variables were compared with demographic and social characteristics. Bivariate analysis was performed assessing the three outcomes with the independent variables. Variables with significant associations in this bivariate analysis were fit in a Poisson multiple regression analysis with robust variance to obtain adjusted estimates. Result: Poisson regression analysis showed a statistically significant association with the variables "less than eight years of study" [prevalence ratio (PR) = 1.31; 95%CI 1.19-1.45; p < 0.001] and "participants of the cash transfer program" (PR = 0.80; 95%CI 0.72-0.88; p < 0.001) for the outcome of "having less than six prenatal care appointments" and individual variables. A statistically significant association was found for "participants of the cash transfer program" (PR = 1.43; 95%CI 1.19-1.72; p < 0.001) regarding the outcome from the comparison between HIV testing absence during prenatal care and demographic and social characteristics. The absence of syphilis testing during prenatal care, and demographic and social characteristics presented a statistically significant association for the education level variable "less than eight years of study" (PR =1.75; 95%CI 1.56-1.96; p < 0.001) and "participants of the cash transfer program" (PR = 1.21, 95%CI 1.07-1.36; p < 0.001). Conclusions: The individual factors were associated with prenatal care appointments and HIV and syphilis tests in Brazilian pregnant women. They show missed opportunities for diagnosing HIV and syphilis infection during prenatal care and indicate weaknesses in the quality of maternal health care services to eliminate mother-to-child transmission.

AB - Objective: To evaluate the factors associated with HIV and syphilis testing during pregnancy in Brazil. Methods: This was an ecological study covering all Brazilian municipalities evaluated by the second cycle of the National Program for Access and Quality Improvement in Primary Care, 2013-2014. The dependent variables were based on prenatal care access: prenatal care appointments, and HIV and syphilis tests during prenatal care. The independent variables were compared with demographic and social characteristics. Bivariate analysis was performed assessing the three outcomes with the independent variables. Variables with significant associations in this bivariate analysis were fit in a Poisson multiple regression analysis with robust variance to obtain adjusted estimates. Result: Poisson regression analysis showed a statistically significant association with the variables "less than eight years of study" [prevalence ratio (PR) = 1.31; 95%CI 1.19-1.45; p < 0.001] and "participants of the cash transfer program" (PR = 0.80; 95%CI 0.72-0.88; p < 0.001) for the outcome of "having less than six prenatal care appointments" and individual variables. A statistically significant association was found for "participants of the cash transfer program" (PR = 1.43; 95%CI 1.19-1.72; p < 0.001) regarding the outcome from the comparison between HIV testing absence during prenatal care and demographic and social characteristics. The absence of syphilis testing during prenatal care, and demographic and social characteristics presented a statistically significant association for the education level variable "less than eight years of study" (PR =1.75; 95%CI 1.56-1.96; p < 0.001) and "participants of the cash transfer program" (PR = 1.21, 95%CI 1.07-1.36; p < 0.001). Conclusions: The individual factors were associated with prenatal care appointments and HIV and syphilis tests in Brazilian pregnant women. They show missed opportunities for diagnosing HIV and syphilis infection during prenatal care and indicate weaknesses in the quality of maternal health care services to eliminate mother-to-child transmission.

KW - Prenatal Care

KW - HIV infections

KW - Diagnosis

KW - AIDS serodiagnosis

KW - Syphilis

KW - Congenital

KW - Infectious disease transmission

KW - Vertical

KW - Prevention and control

KW - Health care quality

KW - Access

KW - Evaluation

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EP - 86

JO - Revista de Saúde Pública

JF - Revista de Saúde Pública

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Claudia Helena Soares de Morais F, Franklin Delano Soares F, Ângelo Giuseppe R, Maria Helena Rodrigues G, Alves Coelho A, Dias S. Factors associated with prenatal care and HIV and syphilis testing during pregnancy in primary health care. Revista de Saúde Pública. 2019 Sep 23;Vol. 53:76-86. https://doi.org/10.11606/s1518-8787.2019053001205