Facile Access to Structurally Diverse Antimalarial Indoles Using a One-Pot A3 Coupling and Domino Cyclization Approach

Gustavo da Silva, André F.S. Luz, Denise Duarte, Diana Fontinha, Vera L.M. Silva, Filipe A. Almeida Paz, Ana M. Madureira, Sandra Simões, Miguel Prudêncio, Fátima Nogueira, Artur M.S. Silva, Rui Moreira

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Abstract

A multistep and diversity-oriented synthetic route aiming at the A3 coupling/domino cyclization of o-ethynyl anilines, aldehydes and s-amines is described. The preparation of the corresponding precursors included a series of transformations, such as haloperoxidation and Sonogashira cross-coupling reactions, amine protection, desilylation and amine reduction. Some products of the multicomponent reaction underwent further detosylation and Suzuki coupling. The resulting library of structurally diverse compounds was evaluated against blood and liver stage malaria parasites, which revealed a promising lead with sub-micromolar activity against intra-erythrocytic forms of Plasmodium falciparum. The results from this hit-to-lead optimization are hereby reported for the first time.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202300264
Number of pages5
JournalChemmedchem
Volume18
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2023

Keywords

  • A coupling
  • antimalarials
  • indoles
  • multicomponent reactions
  • one-pot synthesis

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